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COMPUTER-GUIDED DENTAL IMPLANT SURGERY

Planning of having a dental implant procedure? Have you thought about computer-guided dental implants?

The advancement in the field of science and technology has led to many developments that make the job of the man quicker and easier. And dental implant surgery with the aid of computed visuals is no exception.

The field of dental implantology uses the support of 3D (computer-guided) guide during the surgery to insert the dental implant. This means that the surgeon can see the three dimensions of the tooth to be implanted in terms of the anatomical structures of the root as well as its proximity with the adjacent teeth, the bone facets and the vital structures in and around the region of interest.

The main advantage of computer-guided dental implants is achieved through the images that are acquired from the cone beam Computed Tomography scan. This helps in the precise treatment plan of the implant by allowing the visualization and the manipulation of the patient’s acquired jawbone images.

HOW IS THE PROCEDURE DONE USING THE 3D IMAGES?

As said, there is initial careful planning of each individual tooth by means of the specific software that is designed to utilize the patient’s 3D CT images.

With this 3D image of each tooth of interest, the ideal size and positioning of each dental implant are virtually planned based on the jaw areas that are most suitable to it. After this initial planning phase, the data of the size and position of the implant thus collected is transferred to a 3D printed plastic device (a.k.a the 3D guided surgery). Once into the procedure, the insertion of the dental implant is placed with the exact precision that had been planned with the 3D guide before in the initial planning.

WHY IS IT MORE DESIRABLE TO USE A COMPUTER-GUIDED PROCEDURE?

The main reason for the preference of a computer-guided dental implant surgery is due to its higher accuracy of the implant procedure. This is made easier and achievable for the surgeons to plan out the exact position and the morphology of the dental implants before fixing them into the jaw, thus providing an accurate treatment plan in the course of action.

It is also possible to have a more accurate placement of the implants through reverse-engineering implant surgery. This specific software aids the surgeons to avoid any errors on the vital anatomical structures in and around the region of interest by enabling a clear and full visualization of the anatomical structures of the teeth as well as the jaw area. Thus, it ensures the ideal placement of the implant.

Not only does this 3D aid the surgeons doing the procedure alone but it also gives a vivid visual approach of the treatment plan to the other staff as well. This benefit mainly helps in receiving approval from other professionals as well to welcome other second opinions that may be more beneficial to the patient.

The use of custom abutments that are mostly utilized as implants here also helps the other professionals like the dental technicians to place or adjust the dental restorations in locations that can prove to be less ideal otherwise.

With this kind of sophisticated digital workflow, the results of the treatment can be a better outcome especially when there is an immediate requirement of the prosthesis. Using the 3D model of the patient’s exact jaw structure, there are achievable means to manufacture an accurate prosthesis before the patient goes for the implant procedure.

Other than its technological benefits, the computer-guided implant surgery has clinically shown to be less painful and help decrease the discomfort of the patient after the surgery. The statistical survival rate of the implant has also shown to be more comparable than conventional treatment methods.

Lastly, it is more desirable because the use of a 3D planning method allows the surgeons to visually make the patient understand how the treatment will follow in the procedure. This visual explanation often assures the patients with a predictable result thereby providing greater satisfaction for both the patient and the professionals to move forward in the treatment plan.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF 3D GUIDED THAT OVERSHADOWS THE CONVENTIONAL METHODS?

The most important part of using a 3D guided implant surgery is because it reduces the pain, swelling, and bruises that are otherwise complications of conventional dental implantation. In computer-guided dental implant surgery, the procedure is done with minimum invasiveness thereby resulting in a lesser trauma case.

Unlike in the conventional methods where there is a necessity to make extended incisions on the soft tissue to assess the bony field, the 3D guide helps to avoid the unnecessary incisions by enabling to collect and save all the information of the implant position beforehand.

This, in turn, helps to avoid sutures on the patient and gives a faster treatment procedure.

The computer-guided dental implant surgery also ensures to overcome the need for additional bone augmentation that can be likely needed when there is a reduced amount of calcium in complex patients. This is so achieved through the inherent precise execution of the implant placement.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF COMPUTER GUIDED DENTAL IMPLANTS?

  • Avoids errors and wrong incisions on other vital areas of the soft tissue.
  • Aids to visualize the anatomical structures of the region of interest.
  • It provides a predictable and precise placement of the dental implant.
  • Decreases the chances of post-op complications like pain, swelling and bruising.
  • Reduces the risks of damaging other healthy tissues around.
  • The treatment time is shorter and accurate.
  • Reduction in the incurring of biomechanical failure and complication risks.
  • Enables quick healing.

HOW LONG DOES THE PLANNING OF THE ENTIRE TREATMENT TAKE?

First, the patient will need to take a consultation and have the cone-beam Computed Tomography scan taken. And additionally, in some patients, the impressions of the teeth will also be required. After the patient’s teeth and implant placement positions and sizes are all planned out, the collected data will be sent abroad electronically for the 3D surgical guide to be fabricated. This whole process may take usually about 2 weeks for the 3D surgical guide to be received before making an appointment for the treatment procedure.

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